Israel is located in the Middle East, on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, Egypt and the Gaza strip.
Despite being small in size, Israel contains a terrific variety of landscapes including fertile valleys, desert, mountains, coastal plains, central highlands and Mediterranean shores. Visitors spending just one week here can easily encounter olive groves, fertile farmland, hot springs, fruit orchards, coral reefs, gorgeous beaches, spectacular lakes and makhteshim (erosion cirques that are unique to Israel). And although there is virtually no rainfall in Israel from May to September, it still has the largest number of plant species of all countries located in Mediterranean basin.
These diverse environments lend itself to a multitude of activities. Beach and diving enthusiasts have the Mediterranean coastline, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Sea of Galilee, the Red Sea and the Dead Sea. Outdoor fans have 67 national parks and 190 nature reserves to choose from as well as excellent hiking paths. In fact, one trail in particular - the Israel National Trail - crosses the entire country north to south, spanning almost 600 miles. There is also a 40-mile pilgrimage hiking trail called the Jesus Trail that begins in Nazareth and continues to important sites in Christ's life in the Galilee region.
Golan Heights has fantastic ski resorts, and visitors seeking wellness have access to hot springs like Hamat Gader or those in Tiberias. (The Dead Sea is also famed for its medicinal qualities).
The country is divided into 6 districts, and then since 1967 Israel has also controlled the West Bank, East Jerusalem, the Gaza strip and the Golan Heights.
Most visited cities: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa