Ecuador is located in northwestern South America, nestled between Colombia and Peru on the continent’s Pacific Coast. A paradise for nature lovers, its national parks and nature reserves are some of the finest in the world. In area, Ecuador is slightly larger than Colorado. The Andes Mountains run vertically through the country, separating the jungles of Ecuador’s Amazonian interior and its tropical coastal area. Roughly 600 miles west of the mainland lie the famed Galápagos Islands.
Most Ecuadorians reside in either the highlands, an area that is home to many snowcapped volcanoes, or along the coastal plains. As Ecuador is located along the equator (hence the name “Ecuador”), the sun rises and sets at more or less the same time throughout the year. Rather than four seasons, Ecuadorians have a wet season and a dry season - both of which have something to offer visitors.
Ecuador’s capital, Quito, has two interesting geographic claims to fame: it is the highest capital in the world and the one nearest the equator.
Largest cities: Guayaquil, Quito and Cuenca